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Prevalence of glycemic variability and factors associated with the glycemic arrays among end-stage kidney disease patients on chronic hemodialysis

Yusof Khan, Abdul Hanif Khan and Zakaria, Nor Fadhlina and Zainal Abidin, Muhammad 'Adil and Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi (2021) Prevalence of glycemic variability and factors associated with the glycemic arrays among end-stage kidney disease patients on chronic hemodialysis. Medicine, 100 (30). pp. 1-13. ISSN 0025-7974 E-ISSN 1536-5964

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Glycemic variability (GV) confers a significantly higher risk of diabetic-related complications, especially cardiovascular. Despite extensive research in this area, data on end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients on chronic hemodialysis are scarce. This study aims to determine the magnitude of GV among ESKD (diabetic vs nondiabetic) patients and its associated factors on hemodialysis days (HDD) and non-hemodialysis days (NHDD) where postulation of a higher GV observed among diabetic on HDD. Werecruited 150 patients on hemodialysis, 93 patients with type 2 diabetic (DM-ESKD), and 57 with nondiabetic (NDM-ESKD). The GV indices (standard deviation [SD] and percentage coefficient variant [%CV]) were obtained from 11-point and 7-point selfmonitoring blood glucose (fasting to post-meal) (SMBG) profiles on HDD and NHDD. The GV indices and its associated factors of both DM-ESKD and NDM-ESKD were analyzed to compare HDD vs NHDD. Mean blood glucose on HDD was 9.33 [SD 2.7, %CV 30.6%] mmol/L in DM-ESKD compared with 6.07 [SD 0.85, %CV 21.3%] mmol/L in NDM-ESKD(P=<.01).TheDM-ESKDgroupexperiencedsignificantly above target GV indices compared to NDM-ESKD onbothHDDandNHDD,particularlyinthesubgroupwithHbA1c8–10%(P=<.01).Presenceofdiabetes,olderage,hyperlipidemia, HbA1c, ferritin levels, and albumin were identified as factors associated with GV. DM-ESKD patients have above-target GV indices, especially on HDD, therefore increasing their risk of developing future complications. We identified high HbA1c, older age group, presence of hyperlipidemia, ferritin levels, and albumin as factors associated with GV indices that may be used as surrogate markers for GV. Since these groups of patients are vulnerable to CVD mortality, urgent attention is needed to rectify it.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: diabetic nephropathy, glycemic variability, hemodialysis, risk factors
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC627 Specialties of Internal Medicine-Metabolic Diseases
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Adil Zainal Abidin
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2021 17:53
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2021 17:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/91355

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