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Dental status between assisted reproductive technology and natural conceived children: a comparative pilot study

Mohd Kenali, Norzaiti and Sukmasari, Susi and Mohd, Farah Natashah and Mohamad Basir, Mohd Syazwan Aidid and Lokhman, Mohd Firdaus (2021) Dental status between assisted reproductive technology and natural conceived children: a comparative pilot study. International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science, 8 (7). pp. 3306-3310. E-ISSN 2377-8075

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Objectives: ART children were proven to have low birth weight and some birth defects. However, limited number of studies found concerning dental status of ART children. This research aimed to determine oral health practice and dental status between Assisted-Reproductive (ART) and Natural Conceived (NC) children. Materials And Method: This cross-sectional study consisted of 34 subjects, 17 were ART children and 17 NC children as control. Intraoral examination was conducted and orthopantomogram (OPG) radiograph were obtained from the subjects. Any abnormalities of tooth development such as number and tooth colour were recorded. Oral hygiene practice such as tooth brushing frequency and supervision from the parents during tooth brushing were identified. Caries experience of both groups were recorded using dmft for deciduous teeth and DMFT for permanent teeth. Descriptive analysis, Bivariate analysis were done using Mann-Whitney’s test and Spearman rho test. Results: Most of the participants were girls (58.8%) and majority were aged of 7 – 8 years old (47.1%). 70.6% of ART group used intra-uterine insemination (IUI) technique while 29.4% used in-vitro fertilization (IVF). There was one hypodontia case found in each group. Caries experience in primary teeth showed significantly lower in the ART group with p < 0.05. Conclusions: There was a comparable case of hypodontia in ART and NC group. However, caries experience (dmft) of children in ART group was found significantly lower than NC group.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6761/90985
Uncontrolled Keywords: Assisted Reproductive Technology; Dental Caries; Tooth Anomalies; Oral Hygiene Practice
Subjects: R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Kulliyyah of Dentistry > Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health
Depositing User: Dr FARAH MOHD
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2021 11:46
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2021 11:46
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90985

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