IIUM Repository

Clinical outcome of infected tibial nonunion treated with ilizarov external fixator: two-center experience

Nallayan, Ramesh @ Muthu and Mohd Yusof, Nazri and Sulong, Ahmad Fadzli and Zulkifly, Ahmad Hafiz (2021) Clinical outcome of infected tibial nonunion treated with ilizarov external fixator: two-center experience. International Journal of Allied Health Science, 5 (1). p. 2145. E-ISSN 2600-8491

WarningThere is a more recent version of this item available.
Download (116kB) | Preview
Download (540kB) | Preview
[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy


Introduction: Common complication for tibia fractures due to infection is delayed union or non-union. The Ilizarov external fixator application is preferred because it is minimally invasive, correct the deformities and is able to close the bone defect. The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical and functional outcome in tibial non-union treated with Ilizarov external fixator. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out from October 2015 to October 2019. A total of forty patients with tibial non-union associated with infection who were treated with the Ilizarov fixator was included in the study. Patient records and radiographs were reviewed for the union of bone, functional outcomes and complications. The functional outcome of the affected limb was assessed using LEFS scoring and the ASAMI grading system. Results: All patients had achieved union except two. Thirty-six (83.0%) patients had excellent and good scores for bone and functional results respectively. In terms of employment, 33(82.5%) patients were able to return to their work. The most common complication noted was pin tract infections which occurred in 12 (30%) patients. Conclusion: Ilizarov bone transport technique is an effective salvage tool in obtaining union among patients with infected tibial non-union associated with bone loss. The functional outcome is good and most of our patients (82.5%) are able to perform their daily activity after the completion of their treatment.

Item Type: Article (Meeting Abstract)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fracture, osteomyelitis, Ilizarov technique, tibia
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD701 Orthopedics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Nazri Mohd. Yusof
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2021 16:27
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2021 16:27
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90890

Available Versions of this Item

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year