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The impact of carbamazepine crystallinity on carbamazepine-loaded microparticle formulations

Mawazi, Saeid Mezail and Doolaanea, Abd Almonem and Ab. Hadi, Hazrina and Chatterjee, Bappaditya (2021) The impact of carbamazepine crystallinity on carbamazepine-loaded microparticle formulations. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 602. ISSN 0378-5173

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Crystallinity plays a vital role in the pharmaceutical industry. It affects drug manufacturing, development processes, and the stability of pharmaceutical dosage forms. An objective of this study was to measure and analyze the carbamazepine (CBZ) crystallinity before and after formulation. Moreover, it intended to determine the extent to which the crystallinity of CBZ would affect the drug loading, the particle size, and the release of CBZ from the microparticles. The CBZ microparticles were prepared by encapsulating CBZ in ethyl cellulose (EC) polymer using a solvent evaporation method. EC was used here as a release modifier polymer and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as an aqueous phase stabilizer. Factorial design was used to prepare the CBZ microparticle formulations, including polymer concentration, solvent (dichloromethane, ethyl acetate), PVA concentrations factor, the homogenization time, and homogenization speed. The crystallinity of CBZ was calculated utilizing differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermal analysis. The crystallinity was calculated from the enthalpy of CBZ. Enthalpy was analyzed from the area under the curve peak of CBZ standard and CBZ-loaded microparticles. DSC and ATR-FTIR assessed the possible interaction between CBZ and excipients in the microparticle. The prepared CBZ microparticles showed various changes in the crystallinity rate of CBZ. The changes in the rate of CBZ crystallinity had different effects on the particle size, the drug loading, and the release of CBZ from the polymer. Statistically, all studied factors significantly affected the crystallinity of CBZ after formulation to microparticles.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7245/90815
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microparticles Carbamazepine Crystallinity Drug release FTIR DSC
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Dr. Abd Almonem Doolaanea
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2021 14:33
Last Modified: 10 May 2024 17:08
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90815

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