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A comparative analysis of land use and compact city principles and guidelines on rail public transit stations in Malaysia

Azmi, Nurul Ardila and Mohamed Osman, Mariana and Rabe, Noor Suzilawati and Ramlan, Nuranisa Huda and Azizan, Ainina and Amiruddin, Suraya (2021) A comparative analysis of land use and compact city principles and guidelines on rail public transit stations in Malaysia. Planning Malaysia: Journal of the Malaysian Institute of Planners, 19 (1). pp. 186-199. ISSN 1675-6215 E-ISSN 0128-0945

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Abstract

Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is an emerging concept to optimise the land use development surrounding a transit station and to create a reliable relationship between a densely compact urban form and high public transportation ridership. In Malaysia, the concept of TOD was initiated in the first National Physical Plan in 2005 and mentioned again in National Physical Plan 2 in 2010. This paper identifies the principle of TOD applied in Malaysia and other countries, and discusses the differences and similarities of the TOD practices using comparative analysis and document analysis methods. Findings of this study indicate that mixed-use development, high density, intensity and connectivity are the main TOD principles adopted in Malaysia and other countries around the globe. The current policy and practises of these countries tend to focus more on the better management and increase ridership of these transit rail stations, including ways to encourage users to shift from private vehicles to public transportation. The findings of this study would contribute towards policy decisions and practices of TOD in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3833/90628
Uncontrolled Keywords: Transit Oriented Development, principle, mixed-use development, density, connectivity
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Dr Mariana Mohamed Osman
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2021 08:42
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2021 08:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90628

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