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The impact of film thickness on the properties of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite film

Khan, Shaheer Ahmed and Rahman, Mohammed Ataur and Ibrahim, Fatima Babiker Dafa-Alla (2021) The impact of film thickness on the properties of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite film. Materials Research Express, 8 (7). pp. 1-12. E-ISSN 2053-1591

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Polymer inorganic nanocomposites are attracting a considerable amount of interest due to their enhanced electrical and optical properties. The inclusion of inorganic nanoparticles into the polymer matrix results in a significant change in the nanocomposite’s properties.With this in mind, we have developed a nanocomposite film based on zinc oxide (ZnO) and polyvinyl alcohol(PVA) using a solution casting method with varying concentrations of ZnO nano powder in the PVA matrix. The ZnO/ PVAfilm surface morphology was observed by the scanning electronmicroscope (SEM). The micrographs indicate that ZnO nanoparticles in the PVA matrix are homogeneously distributed. XRD results indicated that the crystallinity of the film was influenced by the interaction of ZnO nanoparticles and the PVA main chain. Crystallinity is also affected by the doping of ZnO nanoparticles in the PVA matrix and it increases when the concentration of ZnO is low and then decreases when the excess concentration of ZnO is present in the PVAmatrix. The FTIR transmission spectra confirmed that significant interaction took place between the ZnO nanoparticles and the PVA main chain over the wave number range of 400–4000 cm−1.The UV–vis spectra reveal that the increase in concentration of ZnO nanoparticles in the polymer matrix results in the movement of the absorption edge in the direction of higher wavelength or lower energy associated with the blue/green portion of the visible spectrum. A decrease in the optical energy bandgap is observed with the increase in nano ZnO concentration in the matrix. Thickness has a signifcant affect on the properties of the ZnO/PVA nanocomposite and the morphology, particle size, degree of crystallinity and bandgap of the ZnO/PVA nanocomposite samples were influenced by the thickness of the sample. The optimal thickness of 0.03 mm with a weight percentage of 16.6% (ZnO) and 83.3% (PVA matrix)was selected due to its higher bandgap of 4.22 eV, reduced agglomeration/aggregation, and smaller ZnO particle size of 14.23 nm in the matrix. The optical film can be used in photovoltaic research.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5264/90577
Uncontrolled Keywords: ZnO/PVA nanocomposite, solution casting, low temperature processing, thickness of ZnO/PVA nanocomposite film
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ163.26 Energy conservation
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Md Ataur Rahman
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2021 09:05
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2021 12:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90577

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