IIUM Repository

Traditional and Complementary Medicine (T&CM) use and its association with diabetic control among diabetic patients in a tertiary Centre, Kuantan Pahang

Z.A, Nurain Zainab and AR, Nur Syahirah and R, Nurtasneem and Mohd Firdaus, Mohd Al-Baqlish and Mohd Said, Mohd Ridzuan and Mohammad Aidid, Edre (2021) Traditional and Complementary Medicine (T&CM) use and its association with diabetic control among diabetic patients in a tertiary Centre, Kuantan Pahang. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 20 (1). pp. 27-32. E-ISSN 1823-4631

PDF (WoS) - Supplemental Material
Download (595kB) | Preview
PDF - Published Version
Download (825kB) | Preview


INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a major global health concern worldwide. The fact that it is a lifelong chronic illness contributes to the increasing tendency of seeking traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM), yet study regarding this remains limited. This study aimed to measure the prevalence of T&CM use among diabetic patients and its association with diabetic control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted at Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA), Kuantan between July and August 2018. Following written consent, 136 type 2 adult diabetic patients in medical ward and those attending diabetic clinic were interviewed regarding the use of T & CM; and their blood investigation results were collected from patients' medical records. A data collection form was used as study instrument. Descriptive statistic was used to measure the prevalence while chi-square test and independent t-test were used to find associations between T&CM use and study background and diabetic control. RESULTS: Low prevalence of T&CM use (16.9%) was found, predominated by retiree group (p<0.05). Majority of patients used T&CM as additional treatment for diabetes (60.9%) and the usage was influenced by friends, family members and advertisement. There was a significant difference in Glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) levels between inpatient and outpatient T&CM users (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: 1 in every 6 diabetic patients in HTAA, Kuantan were using T&CM along with conventional diabetic medications in which retirees are predominated. No associations were found between T&CM uses and diabetic control. Outpatient T&CM users had lower HbA1c level with higher eGFR compared to inpatient users.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Traditional & Complementary Medicine (T&CM), Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, HbA1c, eGFRNurain Zainab ZAa, Nur Syahirah ARa, Nurtasneem Ra, Mohd Al-Baqlish MFb, Mohd Ridzuan Sb, Edre MAcaMedical Student, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia.bDepartment of Internal Medicine Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia.cDepartment of Community Medicine, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Al-Baqlish Mohd Firdaus
Date Deposited: 28 May 2021 09:07
Last Modified: 28 May 2021 09:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/90031

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year