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Food craving and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome among university students

Abdullah, Nor Fatihah and Hamirudin, Aliza Haslinda and Sidek, Suriati and Mat Hassan, Nur Aainna Amira (2021) Food craving and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome among university students. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 17 (2). pp. 189-196. ISSN 1675-8544 E-ISSN 2636-9346

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Introduction: Food craving was one of the common symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) among women. This study aimed to examine level of food craving during pre-menstruation and PMS symptoms; its association and pre-dictor of PMS symptoms on food craving during pre-menstruation among university students. Methods: A cross-sec-tional study was conducted among female undergraduate students from International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan Campus. Screening phase for eligibility was conducted. Three questionnaires consisted of Health History Questionnaire, Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait-reduced and Premenstrual Tension Syndrome Rating Scale were distributed among eligible students. Descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation test and multiple linear regression were performed using SPSS version 22.0. P value was set at p<0.05 as statistically significant. Results: 129 students were eligible as study respondents. A total of 48% of the respondents showed clinically relevant traits of food craving. The highest food craving among respondents were sweet foods (45.7%) followed by fatty (18.6%), spicy (10.9%), salty (8.5%) and sour (2.3%) food. 60% respondents had moderate to severe PMS symptoms level. There was a signifi-cant association between food craving and PMS symptoms (p=0.001). PMS symptoms significantly predicted food craving (p=0.002). Conclusion: This study is at the forefront in reporting food craving and PMS symptoms among undergraduate students which were prevalent during pre-menstruation. Food craving was significantly associated with PMS symptoms. This research provides further insight related to food craving among women particularly the role of PMS symptoms as predictor. Strategies in preventing substantial calories intake during pre-menstruation is therefore required in this population.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food craving, Pre-menstruation, Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptom, University student
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM216 Diet Therapy. Clinical Nutrition
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Dr. Aliza Haslinda Hamirudin
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 13:01
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2021 09:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/89480

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