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Using superordinate goals to enhance social integration among students

Feras, Qawasmeh and Fontaine, Rodrigue Ancelot Harvey (2021) Using superordinate goals to enhance social integration among students. International Journal of Human Potentials Management, 3 (1). pp. 25-43. E-ISSN 2653-0074

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Abstract

The research motivation comes from our observation of a weak social integration between local (Malay) and International students at the International Islamic University Malaysia. It is based on a social experiment where a situation of superordinate goals (i.e., goals that can’t be achieved unless two groups work together) was introduced. Using observation and open-ended questionnaire, it was found that before the experiment took a place, 45% of international students had negative perceptions toward Malays while 37% of Malay students had negative perceptions toward international students. When participants got socially integrated during the experiment, 97% of Malay and international students had positive perceptions of each other. The experiment had two stages. The first where there was no need to communicate with the other group. The second stage was where all groups needed each other to fulfil specific tasks. It was found that the time consumed to communicate with another group in the first stage was 9%. However, in the second stage, 41% of the time was used to communicate with the other group. The wider implications of this study are explored in the discussion.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6302/89192
Uncontrolled Keywords: social integration, superordinate goals, leadership
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business. Business Administration > HF5387 Business ethics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): IIUM Graduate School of Management
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Business Administration
Depositing User: Dr. Ridhwan Fontaine
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2021 16:40
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2021 16:40
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/89192

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