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Antimalarial activities of Diplazium esculentum (RETZ.) SW. Aqueous extract in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice

Md Zulkifli, Nor Zuziana and Ramli, Norazsida and Othman, Muhammad Zulhilmi and Shafiq Zawawi, Nur Hafiz and Baba, Mohd Shukri (2021) Antimalarial activities of Diplazium esculentum (RETZ.) SW. Aqueous extract in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. International Journal Of Allied Health Sciences, 4 (4). pp. 1657-1663. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Antimalarial drug resistance is a threat to the worldwide effort to control and eliminate malaria and warrants the need to discover new drugs for malarial infection. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the antimalarial activity of Diplazium esculentum aqueous extract in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. Forty-two mice were divided into seven groups and the extract was given orally to all treatment groups. The preventive groups (G1 and G2 groups) were given 100 mg/kg of extract 19 days and eight days before infection respectively. Meanwhile, the curative groups were given extract on the same day of infection (G4 group) and four days after infection (G5 group) at different doses, 100 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg respectively. G3 and G5 were the positive control group for each of the treatment that was given primaquine and chloroquine, respectively. All mice were observed for parasitemia level, mortality and body weight changes. For preventive treatment, the plant extract that was given 19 days before infection was found to reduce the parasitemia by 2.67%. Curative treatment showed that the effective dose was found to be 100 mg/kg, which reduced parasitemia by 1.83%. In conclusion, D. esculentum extract showed preventive properties but no curative properties. This result indicates that D. esculentum could not be compared with commercial antimalarial drugs.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7342/89124
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antimalarial, Diplazium esculentum, Plasmodium berghei.
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Shukri Baba
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2021 10:45
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2021 10:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/89124

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