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Physical treatment of oil palm shell for briquette production as bioenergy at remote area

Indah Utami, Amaliyah Rohsari and Suwandi, Suwandi and Mustafa, Yoga Alun and Mel, Maizirwan (2021) Physical treatment of oil palm shell for briquette production as bioenergy at remote area. In: The 1st International Conference on Bioenergy and Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture Technology (ICoN BEAT 2019), 7th-8th November 2019, Malang, Indonesia.

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Abstract

The daily needs of energy in remote areas, Indonesia, is dominated by biomass waste. The abundant types of biomass waste for heat transfer is empty fruits shell (EFS) of oil palm as briquette. This research discussed a brief analysis of oil palm shell by using physical treatment at different crushing pressure. It was also to examine the adequate size of particle for improving the heating value of briquette. The crushing pressure had a height dimension of 20 cm, as well as the briquette mold with a diameter of 2 cm and a height of 1 cm. The oil palm shell which was applied physical treatment at different crushing pressure of 400 J, 550 J, and 700 J, that resulted in particle size is smaller than 800 μm, 800 μm to 1 700 μm, 1 700 μm to 2 000 μm, and bigger than 2 000 μm. The adequate size of particle for briquette was found to be < 800 μm, which reached the heating value of 20 042.32 J g–1 and ash residue of 20 %. This study showed the advantages of oil palm shell briquette by using physical treatment is suitable and sustainable alternative to daily life use in Indonesia

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4085/87653
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass, renewable energy, waste to energy, zero waste
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 12:06
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2021 12:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/87653

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