IIUM Repository

Assessment of dietary calcium intake among female university students

Azhar, Fatimah Adilah and Jaafar, Nurul Hazirah (2020) Assessment of dietary calcium intake among female university students. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 4 (3). pp. 1440-1448. E-ISSN 2600-8491

Download (221kB) | Preview


Introduction: Calcium is an essential micronutrient that contributes to human well-being and its function is very pronounced for bone and teeth health. Inadequacy in calcium intake can increase susceptibility to metabolic bone fractures such as osteoporosis. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary calcium intake (DCI) among young female adults in IIUM Kuantan followed by identifying the strength of associated factors with amount of dietary calcium intake. Material and Methods: A total of 75 young female adults aged between 19 and 25 years old were recruited to assess their DCI using 3-days diet recall and Calcium Food Frequency Questionnaires. Two modified questionnaires were used to identify the associated factors such as personal, environmental, knowledge, attitudes and practices factors that affecting their DCI. Result: This study found that mean DCI among young female adults was 377.93 (±179.08) mg/day which was lower than the recommended value by RNI 2017. Pearson Correlation showed a fairly positive association between personal (r = 0.248, p = 0.032), attitudes (r = 0.386, p = 0.001) and practices (r = 0.354, p = 0.002; r = -0.418, p = 0.000) factors with the amount of DCI. Conclusion: This study has provided additional information about the inadequacy in dietary calcium intake among young female adults from previous studies, therefore interventions from various level of local health authorities is warranted.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 9360/86925
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium, osteoporosis, young, adults, factors, calcium, intakes
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM214 Diet therapy. Diet and dietectics in disease
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Nurul Hazirah Jaafar
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2020 14:37
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2020 02:02
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/86925

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year