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A comparative performance analysis of Islamic & conventional banking: a case study of Pakistan

Altaf, Ahmad and Zakariyah, Habeebullah (2020) A comparative performance analysis of Islamic & conventional banking: a case study of Pakistan. In: The International Conference on Business and Technology (ICBT 2020), 14th-15th November 2020, Istanbul, Turkey. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The assessment of financial performance of banks is of particular importance in all societies and economic systems, given the scarcity of economic and financial resources compared to the large needs. Banks face a peculiar situation where most of the financial resources are borrowed from the depositors or shareholders. Therefore, one of the most important challenges facing bank managers is how to efficiently use the financial resources available to them. Financial indicators are the most common analytical tools used to assess the overall and partial performance of all organizations. The objective of this research is to critically evaluate the performance indicators which are used in previous studies and propose a comprehensive indicator to check the performance of selected Islamic and Conventional banks of Pakistan over the period of 2011-2016. The comprehensive indicator of performance is comprised of indicator of profitability, customer satisfaction and cost & revenue efficiency. Where the efficiencies measured using Stochastic Frontier Analysis, while overall indicator has been constructed using Principle Factor Analysis. This study provides ranking of selected banks based on the new indicator of performance and insights to what are possible determinants in conventional and Islamic banking system. This study then compared the determinants of performance such as Bank size, Operating efficiency, Management efficiency, Employee efficiency, and Funding cost between conventional and Islamic banks which are comparable in size. To compare the determinants of performance, regression analysis was applied. Feasible Generalized Least Square (FGLS) approach later used to compare the determinants of performance. Findings show that Meezan bank tops in revenue efficiency and Askari bank tops in cost efficiency. In overall performance comparison, Meezan bank tops accordingly. This study identifies Operating efficiency, Management efficiency, Employee efficiency, and Funding cost as important determinants of Pakistani banking sector.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 8636/86564 Presented via online
Uncontrolled Keywords: Performance, efficiency, profitability, customer satisfaction, commercial banks, Islamic banks, factor analysis, stochastic frontier analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG3368 Islamic Banking and Finance
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Institute of Islamic Banking & Finance (IIiBF)
Depositing User: DR HABEEBULLAH ZAKARIYAH
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2020 16:29
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2020 16:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/86564

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