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Atypical presentation of a rare cardiac anomaly in an infant of diabetic mother

Mohamed, Mossad Abdelhak Shaban and Rosternberghe, Hans and Ramli, Noraida and Ibrahim, Roshidah and Mossad, Manar (2020) Atypical presentation of a rare cardiac anomaly in an infant of diabetic mother. In: 4th USIM International Health E-Conference 2020 (IHeC 2020) in conjunction with the 3rd International Conference on Medicine and Health Sciences (ICMHS), 16th-17th December 2020, Webinar. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Introduction: Screening for heart defects in babies is widely required. Here we present a case of neonatal asphyxia and pneumothorax. Early cardiac ECHO on the first day of life can reveal a rare congenital heart defect. Presentation: This reports an infant of a diabetic mother with oligohydramnios presented with, symmetrical IUGR at 37 weeks of gestation. She presented due to foetal distress, went for instrumental delivery, and the baby was born to find with one cord coil around the neck. Upon delivery, the baby was limp and required active resuscitation and intubation. The APGAR score was 6 and 7 at one and five minutes respectively, and the cord blood gas showed a pH of 7.27 and a BE of -7.2. Ventilator settings were on minimal sittings where the baby had stable vital signs and normalized ABG, warranting extubation to high nasal flow cannula, the baby covered by first-line antibiotics awaiting the results of septic workup. The baby tolerated HFNC for a short time before experiencing respiratory distress. CXR showed right-sided pneumothorax with normal cardiac shadow, baby was reintubated. Clinical examination did not reveal any murmurs, but bedside ECHO screening was unable to pick the tributaries of the MPA. Urgent formal ECHO showed absent right pulmonary artery. CT thorax with contrast showed an oligemic right lung compared to the left lung. With ASD, RPA anomalies, Patent left PDA from aortic isthmus to the main pulmonary. Cardiac catheterization confirmed closing PDA, a blind pouch of RPA from brachiocephalic, abnormal RPA connections, disconnected RPA, and supply of PDA. Conclusion: Even in the absence of signs of CHD on physical examination and CXR, the early cardiac screen in neonates is important. Either by cardiac screen via oxygen saturation and perfusion index or real-time ECHO can accomplish early detection, intervention, and improved prognosis. Keywords: (5 words) Cardiac screening, Neonates, Congenital Heart Disease, ECHO, Infant of Diabetic Mother. Introduction: Screening for heart defects in babies is widely required. Here we present a case of neonatal asphyxia and pneumothorax. Early cardiac ECHO on the first day of life can reveal a rare congenital heart defect. Presentation: This reports an infant of a diabetic mother with oligohydramnios presented with, symmetrical IUGR at 37 weeks of gestation. She presented due to foetal distress, went for instrumental delivery, and the baby was born to find with one cord coil around the neck. Upon delivery, the baby was limp and required active resuscitation and intubation. The APGAR score was 6 and 7 at one and five minutes respectively, and the cord blood gas showed a pH of 7.27 and a BE of -7.2. Ventilator settings were on minimal sittings where the baby had stable vital signs and normalized ABG, warranting extubation to high nasal flow cannula, the baby covered by first-line antibiotics awaiting the results of septic workup. The baby tolerated HFNC for a short time before experiencing respiratory distress. CXR showed right-sided pneumothorax with normal cardiac shadow, baby was reintubated. Clinical examination did not reveal any murmurs, but bedside ECHO screening was unable to pick the tributaries of the MPA. Urgent formal ECHO showed absent right pulmonary artery. CT thorax with contrast showed an oligemic right lung compared to the left lung. With ASD, RPA anomalies, Patent left PDA from aortic isthmus to the main pulmonary. Cardiac catheterization confirmed closing PDA, a blind pouch of RPA from brachiocephalic, abnormal RPA connections, disconnected RPA, and supply of PDA. Conclusion: Even in the absence of signs of CHD on physical examination and CXR, the early cardiac screen in neonates is important. Either by cardiac screen via oxygen saturation and perfusion index or real-time ECHO can accomplish early detection, intervention, and improved prognosis. Keywords: (5 words) Cardiac screening, Neonates, Congenital Heart Disease, ECHO, Infant of Diabetic Mother. References 1-Maryam M, Furqan M, Muhammad A, et al. HEART BIRTH DEFECTS IN INFANTS OF DIABETIC MOTHER. Zenedo. Org, December 31, 2019 2-Roy V, Jai G, Jeeva N, et al. Anomalous origin of right pulmonary artery from innominate artery: Repair using pulmonary artery pedicled flap plasty. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Sep-Dec; 10(3): 278–280. PMCID: PMC5594939, PMID: 28928614 3-Carolyn A, David R. Identifying newborns with critical congenital heart disease. UpToDate. Literature review current through: Oct 2020. 4-Abouk R, Grosse SD, Ailes EC, et al. Association of US State Implementation of Newborn Screening Policies for Critical Congenital Heart Disease With Early Infant Cardiac Deaths. JAMA. 2017; 318(21): 2111-2118. 5-Lisa A. Wandler and Gerard R. Critical Congenital Heart Disease Screening Using Pulse Oximetry: Achieving a National Approach to Screening, Education and Implementation in the United States Martin Children’s National Heart Institute, International Journal of Neonatal Screening. 19 October 2017 CT pulmonary angio showing absent right pulmonary artery.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 8259/86282
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiac screening, Neonates, Congenital Heart Disease, ECHO, Infant of Diabetic Mother.
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Paediatrics
Depositing User: Assoc.prof mossad shaban
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2020 08:15
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2020 08:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/86282

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