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Molecular docking and dynamic simulation of astragalin reveals inhibitory potential against pancreatic lipase

Alias, Norsyuhada and Ghazali, Siti Nur Akmal and Abdul Hamid, Azzmer Azzar (2020) Molecular docking and dynamic simulation of astragalin reveals inhibitory potential against pancreatic lipase. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences (IJAHS), 4 (2). pp. 1175-1190. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Obesity has been classified as a disease that affects many people around the globe. The prevalence continues to rise each year, thus finding an effective and safe treatment as an anti-obesity drug is a major issue for researchers. At present, the only anti-obesity that gained approval for long-term treatment by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is orlistat. It acts by inhibiting pancreatic lipase activity. Unfortunately, it is a synthetic drug and comes with unpleasant side-effects. Hence, there is a need to search for pancreatic lipase inhibitor from natural resources. Several studies have revealed that flavonoids from Nelumbo nucifera leave extract showed pancreatic lipase-inhibitory activity. In this study, flavonoids from N. nucifera namely leucoanthocyadin, rutin and astragalin were chosen to undergo molecular docking analysis using AutoDock 4.2. Astragalin displayed the best affinity towards pancreatic lipase as compared to the other two flavonoids. Astragalin produced more hydrogen bonds and had lower free binding energy compared to orlistat. Moreover, astragalin formed a strong hydrogen bond with key amino acid Ser152 in the catalytic triad and showed good ligand recognition as it also had a strong hydrogen bond with His151, Phe215, and Arg256. Pancreatic lipase-astragalin complex underwent molecular dynamic (MD) simulation using GROMACS ver. 4. Docking simulation revealed that this complex was more stable compared to the pancreatic lipase-orlistat complex. This preliminary in silico result proposed that astragalin might act as an anti-obesity agent through pancreatic lipase inhibition action.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7690/85215
Uncontrolled Keywords: Astragalin; Nelumbo nucifera; pancreatic lipase; obesity; docking
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Norsyuhada Alias
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2020 14:33
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2020 14:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/85215

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