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A survey on medication adherence and knowledge on hyperlipidaemia among hyperlipidaemia patients attending the IIUM Family Health Clinic, Kuantan

Md Akhir, Nur Hani and Abdul Hadi, Azwanis and Zainuddin, Norafiza (2020) A survey on medication adherence and knowledge on hyperlipidaemia among hyperlipidaemia patients attending the IIUM Family Health Clinic, Kuantan. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 4 (2). pp. 1223-1235. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Introduction: Hyperlipidaemia is one of the major diseases that could lead to cardiovascular related death and affects nearly half of the Malaysian population. Adherence to hyperlipidaemia medications is important to ensure good control of the disease. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the level of patients’ adherence to hyperlipidaemia medication, to identify the level of knowledge on hyperlipidaemia and its treatment medication and lastly to determine the significant associated factors for poor adherence among hyperlipidaemia patients at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) Family Health Clinic (FHC). Methodology: This cross- sectional study was conducted through the distribution of a self-administered questionnaire at IIUM FHC to assess the level of medication adherence and knowledge. The total cumulative score derived from the knowledge section was categorised into high and low knowledge based on the median score. The significant associated factors of adherence level were analysed using the chi-square test. Results: The results showed that only 41.3% of patients adhered to medication and 62.4% demonstrated a high level of knowledge. Factors including gender, age, educational level, employment status, income, religion, race, marital and living status, duration of illness and level of knowledge were not significantly associated with adherence level (p>0.05). Conclusion: This study determined low level of adherence and a high level of knowledge regarding hyperlipidaemia and its treatment. Two significant association was found between all variables or factors present because of limitation in sample size and other items of measurement. Forgetfulness was found to be the main reason for non-adherence to medication by six other factors. Implication: This study is important to help the clinicians to understand more about their patients and initiate measures to improve adherence to treatment among hyperlipidaemia patients. This study may promote awareness among patients and the community.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4623/83982
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hyperlipidaemia, Knowledge, Adherence, Compliance, Medication, Pahang.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA644.3 Chronic and Noninfectious Diseases and Public Health
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: Dr. Norafiza Zainuddin
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 16:17
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 16:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/83982

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