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Anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity of coleus leaves consumed as breast-milk stimulant

Khattak, Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan and Bakhtiar, M. Taher and Abdul Rahman, Suzanah and Abu Bakar, Ibrahim and Damanik, Muhammad Rizal Martua and Yahaya, Azhary (2013) Anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity of coleus leaves consumed as breast-milk stimulant. Nutrition and Food Science , 43 (6). pp. 582-590. ISSN 0034-6659

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity of six coleus plants based on their traditional uses (as breast-milk stimulants in some parts of the Asia) from two Asian countries (Malaysia and Indonesia). Plants leaves of coleus species were collected from Kuantan (Malaysia) and Jakarta (Indonesia). From Kuantan, Coleus aromaticus- Malaysia (CATM), Pogostemon cablin- Malaysia (PCM), Coleus blumei–purple leaves-Malaysia (CBPM), Coleus blumei –red leaves- Malaysia (CBRM), Coleus amboinicus-Malaysia (CALM) and from Jakarta Coleus amboinicus-Indonesia (CALI) were collected freeze dried and extracted with aqueous methanol. The antimicrobial activity of the extract was determined by making use of macro dilution and disc diffusion methods. The selected bacterias and fungus used were namely Bacillus subtilis & Staphylococcus aureus (gram positive) and Escherichia coli & Pseudomonas aeruginosa (gram negative) and Candida albicans(a fungi). All leaf extracts showed activity at least against one strain of bacteria. The results shows that there were significant differences (p<0.05) between the activities on microorganism. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of all leaves extracts ranged from 1.0–2.0 mg/ml in inhibiting the growth of S. aureus, E. coli, P. aeruginosa and B.subtilis. This study shows that the coleus plants leaves can be used as anti-bacterial anti-fungal agent apart from the breast milk stimulation properties.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5145/8391
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coleus leaves, Anti-Bacterial, anti-Fungal activity
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Basic Health Sciences (Until June 2011)
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Suzanah Abdul Rahman
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2011 14:28
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 17:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/8391

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