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The Emergence and Development of Indigenous Tea Plantations in West Java, 1875–1941

Alatas, Alwi and Wan Sulong, Wan Suhana (2020) The Emergence and Development of Indigenous Tea Plantations in West Java, 1875–1941. Kemanusiaan, 27 (2). pp. 39-58. E-ISSN 2180-4257

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Indigenous people in Java in the colonial era were often portrayed as a communal society, socially oriented and not in line with the market economy dominated by the Dutch administration. However, this over-simplifies the picture, especially with regard to the late colonial era, when a number of indigenous people voluntarily participated in the market economy, such as in the cultivation of export crops. This article examines the involvement of local farmers in West Java in tea cultivation for export. While this was mediated by their engagement with the colonial government and the European tea estates and infrastructure, the active willingness of local farmers to embrace market economy was also crucial for the emergence of local tea plantations in the region. Throughout the early 20th century until the end of the Dutch colonial era local tea production tended to continuously increase. In addition, several tea enterprises belonging to indigenous people emerged in the region and at least one of them had considerably expanded by the end of the period. This study shows that the indigenous people were actually willing and able to actively participate in the market economy when they had the chance to do so.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 8534/83889
Uncontrolled Keywords: indigenous commercial activities, market economy, tea cooperatives, tea plantation, West Java
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of History & Civilization
Depositing User: Dr Alwi Alatas
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2020 10:23
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2020 10:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/83889

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