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Can profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing instruments reduce the credit risk of Islamic banks?

Shahari, Farihana and Rahman, Md. Saifur (2020) Can profit and loss sharing (PLS) financing instruments reduce the credit risk of Islamic banks? Empirical Economics, Early access. pp. 1-18. ISSN 0377-7332 E-ISSN 1435-8921 (In Press)

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Abstract

An Islamic bank is an interest-free financial institution that is growing rapidly in both Muslim and non-Muslim countries. It provides loans based on both PLS and non-PLS concepts, where the PLS concept shares both profit and loss with the customers, while the non-PLS concept allows charging a fixed profit rate. The customers are treated as partners who invest either labor or an equal portion of capital. The PLS financing raises an issue of whether the Islamic bank is able to recover the financing amount which is disbursed without any form of collateral. Therefore, this paper explores the possible implication of PLS theory and examines whether the PLS financing instrument reduces the credit risk of Islamic banks. PLS financing is a focus variable, while bank-specific and macroeconomic variables are considered as control variables that enable us to draw a reliable and unbiased result. The study evaluates several hypotheses by employing two-step system GMM estimation technique. It offers several outcomes; PLS financing instrument reduces credit risk. The bank-specific and macroeconomic variables have a mixed effect on credit risk. The study suggests significant policy implications for the Islamic banks for sustaining the competitive banking industries.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7791/83755
Uncontrolled Keywords: Islamic banks, PLS financing instrument, Credit risk, System GMM, Macroeconomy
Subjects: BPH Islamic Economics > BP322.3 Musharakah - Partnership
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH589.2 Riba - Interest
BPH Islamic Economics > BPH754.3 Mudharabah - Trust Financing
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG1501 Banking
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG3368 Islamic Banking and Finance
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG3691 Credit
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Finance
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
Depositing User: Farihana Shahari
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2020 11:19
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2020 11:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/83755

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