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An investigation of hole quality during drilling of carbon fibre reinforced plastic and titanium (Ti6Al4V) using tungsten carbide drills

Dahnel, Aishah Najiah and Ascroft, Helen and Barnes, Stuart (2020) An investigation of hole quality during drilling of carbon fibre reinforced plastic and titanium (Ti6Al4V) using tungsten carbide drills. Materials Today: Proceedings, 29 (Part 1). pp. 161-167. ISSN 2214-7853

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Abstract

Drilling through Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) and Titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) in a stack is crucial for mechanical assembly of aircraft and automotive parts. This paper presents an investigation of drilled CFRP/Ti stacks hole quality in comparison to when the materials were drilled separately and individually (CFRP-only and Ti-only). The drilling trials were conducted through CFRP/Ti stacks, CFRP-only and Ti-only using carbide drills (6.1 mm diameter) at a cutting speed of 50 m/min and a feed rate of 0.05 mm/rev. The quality of the drilled holes was evaluated with respect to the hole diameters, delamination and pull-out of CFRP as well as Ti burr. It was found that drilling CFRP/Ti stacks resulted in severe Ti adhesion on the cutting edges, which caused oversized drilled holes. CFRP delamination and pull-out was found to increase by 22%�62% and 170%�530% during drilling of CFRP/Ti stacks in comparison to those produced by drilling of CFRP-only. The high damage to CFRP when drilling CFRP/Ti stacks compared to drilling CFRP-only was mainly due to sharp Ti chips, which evacuated through the CFRP plate. Furthermore, it was found that Ti burr which formed at the hole exit increased as tool wear increased. This study suggested that the hole quality and tool life when drilling CFRP/Ti stacks can be improved by improving the evacuation of Ti chip and by reducing the adhesion of Ti on the cutting edges.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 8299/82959
Uncontrolled Keywords: Machining, Drilling, CFRP, Titanium, Hole diameter, Delamination, Burr, Tool wear
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Aishah Najiah Dahnel
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2020 09:17
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 04:48
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/82959

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