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A systematic review of mental health literacy in Pakistan

Munawar, Khadeeja and Abdul Khaiyom, Jamilah Hanum and Bokharey, Iram Zehra and Sang-Ah Park, Miriam and Riaz, Fahad (2020) A systematic review of mental health literacy in Pakistan. Asia Pacific Psychiatry. pp. 1-10.

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Individual mental health has become a primary global concern. In Pakistan, the prevalence of mental health issues is still unclear, as not many studies have assessed the level of mental health literacy (MHL) in the country. This systematic review aims to bridge this gap by encouraging the early detection of mental disorders, lessening stigma, and improving help-seeking behavior. Nine electronic databases were searched to identify empirical literature in this area. Only studies that evaluated MHL efficacy and those published in English were selected. Non-peer reviewed articles and gray literature were excluded. From 613 studies retrieved, 59 studies met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Forty-three of the included studies mentioned mental health outcome measures (of which only four mentioned reliability indices), 13 discussed stigma, 18 examined help-seeking approaches to mental illness treatments, and 47 discussed mental health knowledge. Additionally, the outcome of the MHL measures had considerable heterogeneity and limited validity. Meta-analysis was not conducted due to a lack of MHL operationalization

Item Type: Article (Review)
Additional Information: 9018/82428
Uncontrolled Keywords: mental health ; Pakistan
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental Health. Mental Illness Prevention
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Dr Fahad Riaz
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2020 09:37
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 11:46
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/82428

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