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Prescribing of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, tramadol, and opioids in children: Patterns of its utilization

Zin, Che Suraya (2020) Prescribing of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, tramadol, and opioids in children: Patterns of its utilization. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences, 12 (6). pp. 841-845. ISSN 0976-4879 E-ISSN 0975-7406

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Abstract

Background: Analgesic is commonly used in children but little is known about its patterns of utilization. This study explored the patterns of analgesic prescribing in children. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study used prescription databases of tertiary hospital settings in Malaysia from 2010 to 2016. Prescriptions for nine NSAIDs (diclofenac, ketoprofen, etoricoxib, celecoxib, ibuprofen, indomethacin, mefenamic acid, meloxicam, and naproxen), tramadol, and five other opioids (morphine, oxycodone, fentanyl, buprenorphine, and dihydrocodeine) prescribed for children aged <18 years were included. Number of annual patients and prescriptions were measured and analyzed using Stata v15. Results: During a 7-year study period, a total of 5040 analgesic prescriptions of the nine NSAIDs, tramadol, and five other opioids were prescribed for 2460 pediatric patients (81.8% NSAIDs patients, 17.9% tramadol patients, and 0.3% opioid patients). Ibuprofen was the primary analgesic in young children less than 12 years old (≤2 years old [y.o.] [75%], 3–5 y.o. [85%], and 6–12 y.o. [56.3%]). However, there was a wide range of analgesics used in older children (>12 y.o.) with the majority for naproxen (13–15 y.o. (28.2%) and 16–17 y.o. (28.2%). Other frequently prescribed analgesics for older children included ibuprofen (20.6%) and diclofenac (18.2%) for 12–15 y.o. and diclofenac (26.7%) and tramadol (17.6%) for 16–17 y.o. Conclusion: Ibuprofen was the primary analgesic for children less than 12 y.o., whereas there was a wide range of analgesics prescribed for children age >12 y.o. including naproxen, diclofenac, and tramadol.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4127/81697
Uncontrolled Keywords: Analgesics, children prescribing, Malaysia, NSAIDs, opioids, tramadol
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Che Suraya Haji Mohd Zin
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2020 12:01
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2020 09:57
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/81697

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