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Citrus flavonoids in preventing cardiovascular diseases

Bakhtiar, M. Taher and Shukry, Nor Aishah Syahirah and Darnis, Deny Susanti and Wan Salleh, Wan Mohd Nuzul Hakimi and Syukri, Yandi (2020) Citrus flavonoids in preventing cardiovascular diseases. In: Plant-derived Bioactives: Chemistry and Mode of Action. Springer, Singapore, pp. 495-508. ISBN 978-981-15-2360-1

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Abstract

Citrus, belonging to the family of Rutaceae is a genus of the flowering plants and shrubs. They originated in the tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast Asia. Citrus fruits are highly produced in China, Brazil, USA, India, Mexico, and Spain. Among Citrus species, sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis) are the most widely spread and valued throughout the world. Citrus fruits are rich in flavonoids, mainly hesperidin and naringin that are known to have benefit in the avoidance of long-term diseases. Based on the in vivo and epidemiological studies done previously, the potential biological properties of Citrus flavonoids in Citrus fruits are beneficial for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) by acting as antihypertensive, anti-hypercholesterolemia, and antidiabetic. However, the mechanisms of action are still uncertain and not clearly defined. Citrus contains some phytochemicals that can give beneficial effects to human’s health through several biological properties. Thus, Citrus fruits can be a new discovery of natural prevention of chronic diseases around the globe with regard to their high production each year. This chapter provides a comprehensive information on the phytochemical constituents found in Citrus fruits and their biological properties in preventing cardiovascular diseases.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 5209/81246
Uncontrolled Keywords: Citrus · Biological properties · Phytochemical · Hesperidin · Naringin
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > RS192 Materia Medica-Pharmaceutical Technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Taher
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2020 13:55
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2020 14:14
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/81246

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