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The expanded usul of violence by ISIS, Al-Qaeda, and other similar extremist groups

Suleiman, Omar and Akhmetova, Elmira (2020) The expanded usul of violence by ISIS, Al-Qaeda, and other similar extremist groups. Islam and Civilisational Renewal, 11 (1). pp. 60-74. ISSN 2041-871X E-ISSN 2041-8728

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Abstract

This paper discusses the methodology of violence used by modern extremist groups that affiliate themselves with Islam, particularly al-Qaeda and ISIS. With the rise of groups claiming to wage jihad, the public has a difficult time discerning traditional concepts from modern aberrations. Furthermore, the groups themselves seem to be alike. The examination of the legal framework used by these groups to justify their violent practices shows a dishonest usage of the traditions they claim to defend. This becomes most obvious with the rise of ISIS, which claims to manifest concepts beyond jihad, such as bay’ah and jizyah. It is also highlighted in the paper that the selective readings of these groups take the most violent interpretations of numerous issues and reduces every target to a disbeliever worthy of being killed or subjugated. By discrediting their usul (interpretive principles), the claims they make for an entire tradition are called into question

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7311/81106
Uncontrolled Keywords: ISIS, Al-Qaeda, jihadism, terrorism, violent extremism, Khawarij, bay’ah, jizyah, takfirism, fiqh, usul al-fiqh, hermeneutics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP171 Relation of Islam to other religions
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP182 Jihad (Holy War)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP182 Jihad (Holy War)

B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP188.16 Wasatiyyah. Moderation In Islam
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BT Doctrinal Theology
K Law > KBP Islamic Law > KBP1 Islamic law.Shariah.Fiqh > KBP100 Sources.Quran, Hadith, Ijma', Qiyas.
K Law > KBP Islamic Law > KBP1 Islamic law.Shariah.Fiqh > KBP50 History, development and application of Islamic law
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of History & Civilization
Depositing User: Dr Elmira Akhmetova
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2020 09:35
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2020 09:35
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/81106

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