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Increasing RPL-based LLN lifespan using harvested solar energy

Basalooml, Abdullah Ahmed S. and Habaebi, Mohamed Hadi and Khan, Sheroz and Shaikh, Faraz Ahmed (2019) Increasing RPL-based LLN lifespan using harvested solar energy. In: 2019 IEEE 6th International Conference on Smart Instrumentation, Measurement and Applications (ICSIMA 2019), 27 - 29 Aug 2019, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Internet of Things (IoT) tends to be the next nd expects to deployed small co devices wherever and whenever, and thus such devices often are constrained in processor, memory, and energy. These devices known as sensor nodes which connected with each other to form a network of different nodes. As a matter of fact, routing the data in such environment was a challenge because of constrained sources of power therefore, Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network (RPL) was formed by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to develop an adapted routing solution for such networks that contain large number of constrained nodes with limited processing, power, and memory. This paper proposes a solar energy harvesting module to power such constrained network devices while RPL routing protocol in used and, thus studying the effect on prolonging network lifetime. In addition, simulation is conducted in three different scenarios by using Contiki Cooja, furthermore, we evaluated battery-powered and energy harvesting-powered nodes to study and present the effects in extending RPL network lifetime. Consequently, the results showed that, the network with no-energy harvesting operated for around 4:08:04 with a dramatically decrease of connection between all the nodes, while the network with energy harvesting operated for around 6:40:01. Therefore, energy harvesting module provided a total extended network lifetime is 2:31:97(two hours and thirty-one minutes and ninety-seven seconds). Furthermore, in term of RPL metrics evaluation, OF0 outperform ETX in term of throughput, pack ry ratio, energy consumption, and network connectivity.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 6727/80169
Uncontrolled Keywords: IoT; low-power lossy network (LLNs); RPL evaluation; OF0; Energy Harvesting Module; network lifespan; contiki OS; cooja
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Mohamed Hadi Habaebi
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2020 09:29
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2020 14:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/80169

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