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Short term effect of virtual reality on tear film stability and ocular discomfort

Sidik Ahmad, Mohamad Syarifuddin and Che Azemin, Mohd Zulfaezal and Ithnin, Mohd. Hafidz and Mohd Tamrin, Mohd Izzuddin (2020) Short term effect of virtual reality on tear film stability and ocular discomfort. Journal of Engineering and Science Research, 4 (1). pp. 40-46. E-ISSN 2289-7127

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Abstract

Virtual reality (VR) has been integrated and used with smartphones as one of the digital entertainments such as in gaming and movie streaming. With emergent of various VR brands in the market, it concerns the public on the possible side effects of VR on the ocular performance specifically on tear film stability and ocular discomfort. The purpose of this study was to compare the change on non-invasive keratograph tear break-up time (NIKBUT), tear meniscus height (TMH) before and after the use of VR for 30 minutes, and to measure the ocular discomfort after the use of VR quantitatively. Thirty-two subjects were recruited in this study and all the subjects were divided randomly into two groups; VR and laptop (used as a control) groups. Each subject needed to watch a movie for 30 minutes using the respective devices. The changes of tear film stability and ocular discomfort before and after the use of the devices were then compared and the results showed that there was no significant difference (p>0.05) after 30 minutes of the use. Comparison of the ocular parameters between the devices on post-watching activities was also not significant (p>0.05). Use of VR did not give any signs of dryness to the eyes and it can be used without any discomfort even after 30 minutes usage of the devices.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6768/80052
Uncontrolled Keywords: Virtual reality, Tear film stability, Tear break-up time, Tear meniscus height, Ocular discomfort.
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices > TK7885 Computer engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Optometry and Visual Science
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology

Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Information System
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Information System
Depositing User: Mohd Izzuddin Mohd Tamrin
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2020 09:47
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 23:20
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/80052

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