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Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms in Malay women

Omar Din, Meriam and Mohd. Noor, Noraini (2009) Prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms in Malay women. Women and Health, 49. pp. 573-591. ISSN 1541-0331 (O), 0363-0242 (P),

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Abstract

Background: Due to a dearth of research on depressive symptoms in Malaysia, particularly in Malay women, a community study was conducted to examine the prevalence and factors associated with current depressive symptoms in rural and urban Malay women with low socioeconomic status. Method: Four hundred eighty-seven women (N rural D 242, N urban D 245) were interviewed. Information on socio-demographic variables, potential risk factors (family history of mental health problems, lifetime major depressive symptoms, and current life stressors), and current depressive symptoms (measured by the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D) was collected. Results: The prevalence of current depressive symptoms (CES-D scores=>16) reported was 34.5%, while the prevalence of lifetime major depressive symptoms was 27.5%. A significantly higher rate of current depressive symptoms was observed in urban women compared to rural women, � chi-square (1, N=487)=3.99, p<.05. However, no significant difference was found in the two groups of women in the prevalence of lifetime major depressive symptoms. The results of the multiple hierarchical regression analysis indicated that three potential factors (family history of mental health problems, lifetime major depressive symptoms, and current life stressors) were positively associated with current depressive symptoms, accounting for 17.8% of the variance, over and above the socio-demographic variables.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 1099/794
Uncontrolled Keywords: prevalence, risk factors, depressive symptoms, Malay women
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF636 Applied psychology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Professor Noraini M. Noor
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2011 08:31
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2011 08:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/794

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