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Preliminary effects of carbon monoxide feedback module (COQUIT) on motivation to quit among college students in Selangor

Zainal Abidin, Muhammad Adil and Kadir@Shahar, Hayati and Abdul Manaf, Rosliza (2019) Preliminary effects of carbon monoxide feedback module (COQUIT) on motivation to quit among college students in Selangor. In: APACPH-KL Early Career Global Public Health Conference, 11th-12th April 2019, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Background: Carbon monoxide analyzer is widely being used in smoking cessation for evaluating smoking abstinence. However, it can also be utilise to motivate intention to quit among smokers. A biomedical risk feedback module was developed based on carbon monoxide analyzer to motivate smoker’s motivation to quit. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of adding carbon monoxide feedback module (COQUIT) compared to a standard brief motivation alone among college smoker’s motivation to quit. Methods: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted at 10 government college in Selangor. Control group received a 20 minutes standard brief motivational strategy, while intervention group received an additional COQUIT module. A total of 160 young adult smokers at pre-contemplation and contemplation stages of the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) was randomly selected in this study. Baseline sociodemographic and smoking characteristics were taken and follow up was conducted at first month and third month. We evaluate the changes in motivation to quit using the TTM. Results: The response rate was 72.5% at first month and no significant difference in characteristics between the group. The respondent’s age range from 19 to 25 years old with majority were male, Malay, Muslim and at pre-contemplation stage (65.6%). At one month follow up, 56.5% in the intervention group increase in motivational stage compare to 43.5% in the control group. At the third month, there was reducing in motivational stage to 27.5% in intervention group and 35% in control group. There was statistically significant difference between and within the group however it was for short term. Conclusion: Adding carbon monoxide feedback to a standard brief motivation does significantly increase the motivation to quit smoking for short term. As a relatively easy, quick and non-invasive technique, it can be used to reinforce the harmful effect of smoking and increase motivation to quit.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Additional Information: 7266/79347
Uncontrolled Keywords: smoking, carbon monoxide, Transtheoretical Model, biofeedback
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Adil Zainal Abidin
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2020 10:58
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2020 10:58
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/79347

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