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Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Type 2 diabetes mellitus among outpatients in a health center in East-Coast of Peninsular Malaysia

Mat Salleh, Rawaida and A Rahman, Nor Azlina and Haque, Mainul (2019) Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding Type 2 diabetes mellitus among outpatients in a health center in East-Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. İstanbul Medical Journal, 20 (3). pp. 208-213. ISSN 2619-9793 E-ISSN 2148-094X

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Abstract

Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is becoming a global epidemic and a threat to the world population. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding T2DM among outpatients of a health center in East-Cost of Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 104 participants aged above 18 years were selected using purposive sampling by the researcher to answer an interviewer-guided questionnaire. The total scores for each KAP were computed to find the associations using SPSS. Results: There were significant correlations between knowledge and practice (r=0.481, p<0.001) and between age of participants with knowledge (r=0.562, p<0.001) and practice regarding T2DM (r=0.607, p<0.001). Besides, there was also a significant difference in terms of knowledge and practice regarding T2DM between different sexes and education levels. However, while making a comparison between Malays and other races, the significant difference was only found for practice regarding T2DM. The attitude was found to be similar in all groups. T2DM can be prevented by having accurate knowledge, adopting a positive attitude and practicing a healthy lifestyle. Conclusion: Therefore, policies and campaigns which may change people’s knowledge, attitudes, and practices for preventing T2DM should be properly formulated and implemented to tackle this health issue.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5509/79155
Uncontrolled Keywords: Knowledge, attitude, practice, type 2 diabetes mellitus, outpatients, health center, East-Coast, Peninsular Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA644.3 Public Health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine - Chronic and Noninfectious Diseases and Public Health
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Physical Rehabilitation Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Nor Azlina A. Rahman
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 08:20
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2020 16:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/79155

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