IIUM Repository

In vitro mutagenesis of Etlingera elatior (Jack) and early detection of mutation using RAPD markers

Yunus, Muhamad Fahmi and Abd Aziz, Maheran and Abdul Kadir, Mihdzar and Daud, Siti Khalijah and Abdul Rashid, Azmi (2013) In vitro mutagenesis of Etlingera elatior (Jack) and early detection of mutation using RAPD markers. Turkish Journal of Biology, 37 (6). pp. 716-725. ISSN 1300-0152 E-ISSN 1303-6092

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy


Mutation breeding techniques in combination with tissue culture and molecular marker methods provide a powerful tool for improvement of vegetatively propagated plants. The aim of this study was to develop a protocol for shoot regeneration and mutation induction of Etlingera elatior. The results of irradiation on in vitro buds of E. elatior showed LD50 to be 10 Gy, with the survival of explants being sharply reduced at this dosage. All 8 selected gamma irradiated regenerants were differentiated from the untreated control based on the banding patterns obtained using 9 primers, which generated 59 reproducible bands, whereby 35 (55.31%) were found to be polymorphic. Jaccard’s coefficient of similarity values ranging from 0.537 to 0.860 were indicative of the level of genetic variation among the mutants studied. For comparison between the potential lines (PL) and the control, a maximum similarity value (0.814) was observed in PL1 mutant, while the minimum value (0.537) was observed in PL7. In summary, a combination of irradiation, regeneration, multiplication, and random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis for early screening of mutants can speed up the breeding program of E. elatior.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 9017/78033
Uncontrolled Keywords: Etlingera elatior, LD50, genetic variation, mutation, potential line, RAPD
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Dr Muhamad Fahmi Yunus
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2020 09:25
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2020 09:25
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/78033

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year