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Prevalence of Occupational Diseases among Small and Medium Industry Workers in Malaysia: A Systematic Review

Yusof, Muhammad Zubir and Nik Mahmod, Nik Ahmad Kamal and A. Rahman, Nor Azlina and Razali, Ailin and Samsuddin, Niza and Nik Mohamed, Nik Mohamed Nizan and Syed Jamaludin, Muhammad Shaqif and Mohd Roze, Amalina and Abdullah Hair, Ahmad Fitri (2019) Prevalence of Occupational Diseases among Small and Medium Industry Workers in Malaysia: A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences, 4 (2). pp. 4-30. E-ISSN 0127-984x

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Occupational diseases are one of the major health problems related to workplace hazards. However, the epidemiological data for this problem is scarce especially among Small and Medium Industry (SMI) workers. These workers are vulnerable to occupational health problem due to lack of knowledge and implementation of health and safety in the workplace. In Malaysia, most of the SMI workers have limited coverage for basic occupational health services which may worsen their health. Thus, this article aims to provide a review on the burden of occupational health problems among them. The electronic and library searches were used to extract the information from both published and unpublished articles that were not limited to any year of publication until 2017. One hundred and ninety-six published articles and 198 unpublished articles were retrieved from the database. Only 19 published articles and 25 unpublished articles met the eligibility criteria. Prevalence data of occupational diseases/poisoning, including overall and body specific (musculoskeletal disorders) was extracted in raw data from the eligible studies. Prevalent statistics on occupational musculoskeletal diseases (1.3% - 97.6%), noise-induced hearing loss (29.4% - 73.3%), occupational skin diseases (10.5% - 84.3%), respiratory (1.9% - 92.2%) and occupational poisoning (14.9% - 17.7%) among the working population is different within published papers compared to unpublished ones. In Malaysia, there are no specific statistic that give a true picture of the burden of occupational diseases in the SMI. However, this review concludes that musculoskeletal diseases are significant occupational problems among SMI workers.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7773/77768
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prevalence, Occupational diseases, Health and safety, Small and medium industry, Review
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Physical Rehabilitation Sciences
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Depositing User: nur hakimah a manan
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2019 21:13
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2019 21:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77768

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