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Thermodynamics and kinetics of electron transfer between electrolyte and nanocomposite modified electrode for sensor application (work in progress)

Shohibuddin, Ihda Uswatun Shalihah and Wan Salim, Wan Wardatul Amani (2019) Thermodynamics and kinetics of electron transfer between electrolyte and nanocomposite modified electrode for sensor application (work in progress). In: IIUM Kuantan Research Day 2019, 19th October 2019, Kuantan, Pahang. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Next-generation devices that are sensitive with stimulus-responsive properties is a highly desired goal in monitoring and diagnostics technology field. Nanomaterial has been extensively used in transducer development for sensor applications. However, sensor devices possess huge challenges in exhibiting sensitive responses with fast electron transfer. Little studies have been made to understand the thermodynamics and kinetics of electron transfer at electrode-analyte interface. Therefore in our project, we have utilized intrinsic property of reduced graphene oxide:polystyrenesulfonate (rGO:PSS) as transducer of a sensor. Reduced graphene oxide (rGO), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT:PSS), and rGO:PSS were casted onto the active sensing area of glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The developed electrodes were electrochemically characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurement at varying scan rates (75, 100, 150, 200, 250) mV/s. The CV graphs elucidated the thermodynamics and kinetics of electron transfer between potassium ferricyanide (K3FeCN6) electrolyte and rGO:PSS modified electrode by analyzing the shifts in peak potentials, Ep. The peak potentials of resultant electrodes revealed a shift of 120 mV for rGO modified electrode, which decreased to 90 mV when the electrode was modified with PEDOT:PSS, and further decreased to 30 mV when rGO:PSS was casted onto the GCE. The smaller shift in rGO:PSS electrode suggests that the kinetics or the rate of electron transfer at electrode-analyte interface was very fast and rapid, indicating strong electronic coupling between electrode and electrolyte; the electron transfer was reversible. The thermodynamics of redox process happened easily which deals with the transformation of energy between the rGO:PSS modified electrode and the ferricyanide electroactive species in electrolyte. Additionally, the peak potential difference (∆E = Epa – Epc) was also analyzed. The ∆Es were 0.42 V, 0.30 V, and 0.12 V for GCE/rGO, GCE/PEDOT:PSS, and GCE/rGO:PSS, respectively. The lower ∆E for GCE/rGO:PSS implied an improved electrocatalytic ability of the developed electrode. As for the accuracy of the CV analysis, the adsorption from electrolyte to electrode was investigated by plotting peak currents against square root of scan rates. The linear fit for all CV measurements; R¬2 = 0.999, 0.940, 0.930, and 0.999 for GCE, GCE/rGO, GCE/PEDOT:PSS, and GCE/rGO:PSS, respectively, revealed that no adsorption occurred during the redox process. Besides, the lowest scan rate was set as 75 mV/s in order to avoid convection of electroactive species into the diffusion layer. Therefore, the CV analysis was based solely on electron transfer, and not on adsorption and convection, which would otherwise interfere the CV analysis. As a conclusion, rGO:PSS nanomaterial has a prevalent potential as a transducer and ultimately improve the sensor performance in monitoring technology field.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 7116/77685
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thermodynamics, kinetics, cyclic voltammetry, peak potential, rGO:PSS, sensor
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC71 Examination. Diagnosis
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Wan Wardatul Amani Wan Salim
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2020 12:07
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 12:08
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77685

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