IIUM Repository

Estimation of organ absorbed dose in pediatric chest X-ray examination: a phantom study

M. Jamal, Nurul H and Sayed, Inayatullah Shah and Syed, Waliullah Shah (2019) Estimation of organ absorbed dose in pediatric chest X-ray examination: a phantom study. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 166. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0969-806X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (672kB) | Request a copy
PDF (wos) - Supplemental Material
Download (391kB) | Preview
PDF (Scopus) - Supplemental Material
Download (248kB) | Preview


Children have a greater risk of developing lifetime cancer and other biological effects from ionizing radiation exposure than adults. The aim of this study was to measure the absorbed dose received by lungs and heart in pediatric chest X-ray examination using nanoDot optically stimulated luminescent dosimeter (OSLD). The X-ray system, Siemens Multix Top was used. A pediatric phantom developed by using beeswax and polyurethane foam was exposed at 50 kVp, 52 kVp, 55 kVp, 57 kVp and 60 kVp, with fixed tube current-exposure time (3 mAs), which is normally used in pediatric clinical chest X-ray examinations. The nanoDot OSLDs were placed in different parts in the thorax of the phantom according to the position of organs in the chest area, which are lungs and heart. For lungs, absorbed dose measurement nanoDot OSLDs were placed in the apex and base at three different depths. The phantom was exposed three times for each kVp value, and the absorbed doses were measured in mGy. The findings show that the measured absorbed dose to the heart increased with the increase in kVp. Overall, a 22% increase in absorbed dose to heart and a 29% increase in lungs with the increase in kVp was recorded. In addition, absorbed dose to the base of left and right lungs was recorded higher up to 9% as compared to the apex of lungs. In conclusion, the absorbed dosage increases with exposure, while the absorbed dose decreases with depth. It is necessary for the radiographer to select an appropriate exposure setting based on the physical characteristics of the pediatric patient.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6128/77637
Uncontrolled Keywords: Absorbed dose Chest X-ray Pediatrics Phantom OSLD
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Radiotherapy
Depositing User: Dr Inayatullah Shah Sayed
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2020 09:31
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 09:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77637

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year