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Application of metronidazole loaded membrane for periodontal disease: a brief review

Mohd Zayi, Nora Azirah and Mohamed Halim, Muhammad Lutfi and Mohamad, Mohd Yusof (2020) Application of metronidazole loaded membrane for periodontal disease: a brief review. In: IIUM Kuantan Research Day 2019, 23rd October 2019, Grand Hall, OCD Building IIUM Kuantan Campus. (In Press)

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Abstract

Introduction: Periodontitis is the inflammation of periodontal tissues that support the teeth.86% of adults over the age of 70 suffers at least one case of moderate periodontitis leading to the 25% cases of teeth loss. Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is an effective technique used for periodontium reconstruction. This technique uses barrier membranes which prevent epithelial growth in the wound site and can be supplemented with antibiotics to protect the wound against opportunistic infections. Traditionally, the clinic therapy for anti-infection is to use antibiotics through injection or oral administration resulted in poor delivery of antibiotic to the defect site leading to cytotoxicity. Metronidazole (MNA), a commonly used antibiotics offers the benefits of a high degree of efficacy and with limited adverse side effects. Purpose: This paper aimed to systematically review the current use metronidazole loaded onto membranes in periodontitis treatment. Methodology: SCOPUS and PubMed databases were used to systematically search the articles. The search strategy performed using following keywords: “metronidazole”, “membrane” and “periodontal disease”. The inclusion criteria were all original studies published in English within 5 years. The exclusion criteria were any dissertations, unpublished documents, and review articles. Result: Initial screening of papers yielded 15 papers (Scopus=9 and Pubmed=6) but only 5 articles met the inclusion criteria dealing with MNA antibiotics delivery. Many of the papers reported MNA in forms of mucoadhesive tablet or gel loaded onto different types of membranes (poly 3-hydroxybutyrate, collagen, and chitosan) as topical application of sustained release of antibiotic. The drug delivery employed were able to deliver desired antibiotics dose to the infected site with an extended period whilst minimizing cytotoxicity. However, high amount of MNA delivered to the defect site leading to cytotoxicity. Conclusion: In conclusion, the use of MNA loaded membrane demonstrated promising results for periodontitis but improvement is needed in terms of drug delivery mechanism.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 8264/77546
Uncontrolled Keywords: Metronidazole, Membrane, Periodontitis.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Physical Rehabilitation Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Yusof Mohamad
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 13:27
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2020 13:27
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77546

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