IIUM Repository

Cytotoxicity study of Basella alba leaves extract on brine shrimp lethality bioassay and mtt assay

Azad, Abul Kalam and Islam, Mohd. Aminul and Sunzida, Nushrat Khan (2019) Cytotoxicity study of Basella alba leaves extract on brine shrimp lethality bioassay and mtt assay. Pharmacologyonline, 2. pp. 87-93. ISSN 1827-8620

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (664kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (SCOPUS) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (609kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Introduction: The main objective of the present study is to investigate the cytotoxicity of crude extracts of Basella alba L. leaves. It has been reported to show various bioactivities, but the toxicity and cytotoxicity effects have not been conducted yet. Materials and Methods: The phytochemical screening of the plants extract has been carried qualitatively. The cytotoxic effect was determined through in vitro MTT assay using MCF-7 cell line, and brine shrimp lethality bioassay. Results: Brine shrimp lethality bioassay showed the percentage of survival rate of nauplii which were 72, 88, 88 and 96 % at the concentration of 200, 100, 50 and 25 μL/mL respectively. The mortality of brine shrimp nauplii was from 44% at the concentration of 800 μL/mL, while the negative control (Aluminium chloride) showed 80% mortality at the concentration of 20 μL/mL. However, the IC50 was found with the concentration of 617.31 μL/mL. In MTT assay, more than 90% cell viability showed from the concentration of 31.25 μL/mL to 250 μL/mL, while the vehicle control (DMSO; 1% v/v) was 63.71%. Moreover, the cytotoxicity assay on MCF-7 cell line also concluded that the extract of Basella alba L. leaves is nontoxic even with very high concentration as well. Conclusion: Since it is a popular vegetable which is consumed by the people of Asia every day, therefore, it was very important to study the toxicity of this plant. It has been clearly proven by this study that this vegetable has no toxic effect.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5651/77493
Uncontrolled Keywords: Borreria articularis (Linn.), cytotoxicity; MCF-7 cell line; brine shrimp nauplii.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1190 Toxicology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Computational and Theoretical Sciences
Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Dr Aminul Islam
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2020 11:37
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 11:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77493

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year