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The effect of low dose organic arsenic exposure on inflammatory genes expression in rat’s kidney

Wan Salleh, Wan Muhamad Salahudin and A.Talib, Norlelawati and Abdullah, Nor Zamzila and Buyong, Zunariah (2020) The effect of low dose organic arsenic exposure on inflammatory genes expression in rat’s kidney. In: Kuantan Research Day 2019, 23rd October 2019, Kuantan, Pahang. (Unpublished)

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Introduction: Monosodium methylarsonate (MSMA) is an organic arsenical pesticide widely used in agriculture. Exposure to arsenic has been linked with multiple health problems. Inflammatory genes such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8) play an important role in pathophysiology of exposure to an acute high dose arsenic-mediated nephrotoxicity which led to proximal tubular injury. However, studies focusing on low dose organic arsenic exposure and its adverse effects on kidneys are limited. Objective: To study the effects of low dose arsenic exposure on the inflammatory genes expression in rats’ kidneys at three different duration intervals; 2 months, 4 months and 6 months. Materials and Method: Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups (n=6); a treatment group and its control for each interval. The treatment groups were given daily oral gavage of MSMA at 63.0 mg/kg body weight (BW) which is equivalent to 1/20 LD50 of MSMA. While control groups received distilled water via oral gavage. At the end of study intervals, the kidney tissues were harvested for arsenic level analysis and molecular analysis. The RNA integrity was confirmed with Qiaxcel analysis. The expressions of inflammatory genes were analysed using RT2 SYBR Green qPCR Mastermix. Results: Tissue arsenic concentration were higher in all treated group. Both IL-6 and IL-8 showed a similar pattern of expressions. Organic arsenic down-regulated IL-6 and IL-8 in 2-month (both fold change -1.03) and 6-month groups (fold change -1.36,-1.15). However in the 4-month group, both IL-6 and IL-8 were up-regulated (both fold change 1.31). Conclusion: Interestingly, these findings suggest that low dose arsenic exposure has shown anti-inflammatory effect at 2-month and 6-month, however 4-month paradoxically demonstrated pro-inflammatory effect which consistent with the tissue arsenic levels.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 6299/77425
Uncontrolled Keywords: MSMA, chronic kidney injury, organic arsenic, IL-6, IL-8
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1190 Toxicology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Depositing User: dr wan muhamad salahudin wan salleh
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2020 09:32
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2020 09:32
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77425

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