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Water quality influence the phytoplankton and bacteria abundance: a comparison between shallow freshwater and saltwater ponds

Rahman, Mohammad Mustafizur and Hassan, Hamidah (2020) Water quality influence the phytoplankton and bacteria abundance: a comparison between shallow freshwater and saltwater ponds. Desalination and Water Treatment, 188. pp. 436-443. ISSN 1944-3994 E-ISSN 1944-3986

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Abstract

Study for understanding the role of various water quality parameters on phytoplankton and bacteria density in shallow freshwater and saltwater ponds is lacking. Therefore, the present study was conducted to understand the difference in influence of various water quality parameters on phytoplankton and bacteria density in freshwater and saltwater ponds. A series of water quality parameters, phytoplankton biomass (as indexed by chlorophyll-a), the density of bacteria and trophic state (as indexed by TRIX index) were determined monthly in two freshwater and two saltwater ponds located in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Apart from pond type and temporal effects, multivariate ordinations were performed using two different datasets: water quality, and phytoplankton and benthic macroinvertebrates. Water temperature, salinity, and the concentration of TSS and ammonia were significantly (p<0.05) higher in June-July than in August. This trend was not observed in TRIX index and nitrite concentration, which were higher in August than in June-July. The Chl-a concentration differed significantly (p<0.05) between ponds, with higher mean values in ponds with freshwater than in ponds with saltwater. Density of bacteria was consistent (p>0.05) throughout the study period in both freshwater and saltwater ponds. All ponds under study are oligotrophic. In all ponds, the water quality dataset explained the overall variation in phytoplankton and bacteria abundance quite well. Phytoplankton biomass in freshwater ponds is greatly related with phosphate and slightly related with ammonia and water depth. In saltwater ponds, nitrogenous nutrients (nitrate and ammonia) were strong predictors of phytoplankton biomass and stronger than salinity, TSS and pH. Turbidity was the strongest predictor of bacteria density in freshwater and saltwater ponds. It had strong negative influences on bacteria density in freshwater ponds whereas, it had strong negative influences on bacteria density in saltwater ponds. The results of this study support and emphasize the importance for developing appropriate programs for the monitoring and conservation of various freshwater and saltwater ponds.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6647/77404
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacteria, Phytoplankton, Water Quality, Trophic state, Multivariate statistics
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Marine Science
Depositing User: Dr. Mohammad Mustafizur Rahman
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 09:37
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2020 11:57
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77404

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