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Profiling of compounds in hydrosol extract of Aquilaria (agarwood) species using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS)

Jaafar Ali, Natasha and Hashim, Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun and Zainurin, Nur Aimi Aliah (2019) Profiling of compounds in hydrosol extract of Aquilaria (agarwood) species using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). In: 1st International Symposium of Agarwood and Aromatic Plants 2019 (1st ISAAP 2019), 1st-2nd October 2019, Lombok, Indonesia. (Unpublished)

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For many years, most researches involving agarwood mainly focused on extracting the agarwood oil from the infiltrated resin, the most sought non-timber forest product from Aquilaria species which has high demand and prices. This led to other parts of this valuable plant species being considered as waste. Thisinclude the agarwood hydrosol (byproduct produced during the water distillation). Hydrosol has been reported to retain certain aromaticsof its primary essential oil. Therefore, the present study is conducted to identify the composition of the agarwood hydrosol extractsfromAquilaria species by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). From the analysis, there were a total of 46, 48, 40, 53, 58 and 62 compounds detected in hydrosol extract samples of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 respectively. Accordingly, the oxygenated and phenolic compounds were found to be present in all hydrosol extract samples. The detected phenolic compounds include Phenol, 2,5-bis (1,1-dimethylethyl)-,.Phenol, 2,4- bis (1,1-dimethylethyl)- and 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-, methyl ester. These compounds are believed to possess various potential biological activities including antioxidant activities. Sample 1 and 2 consistsesquiterpene compounds such as (-)- Aristolene, Naphthalene, decahydro-4a-methyl-1- methylene-7-(1-methylethylidene)-,(4aR- trans)-,Azulene,1,2,3,3a,4,5,6,7-octahydro-1,4-dimethyl-7- (1-methylethenyl)-,[1R- (1.alpha.,3a.beta.,4.alpha.,7.beta.)]- andalloaromadendrene where the later has the highest number of oxygenated and antioxidant compounds. To this end, it is noteworthy that findings from this study have unravel the potential medicinal benefits of agarwood hydrosol and thus realizing the waste to wealth paradigm.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 3774/77250
Uncontrolled Keywords: agarwood, Aquilaria, compounds, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, hydrosol.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2020 09:51
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 10:10
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/77250

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