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Socio-demographic factors of allergy awareness among pre-university student in Selangor

Tengku Azhar, Tengku Norbaya and Mohamed, Malissa and Abdul Ghani, Radiah (2019) Socio-demographic factors of allergy awareness among pre-university student in Selangor. In: The International Conference on Environmental Sustainability and Social Science Management 2019 (ICESM 2019), Bukit Gambang Resort City, Pahang.

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Abstract

Allergic disease is a worldwide public health issues and substantially growing over the past 20 years. Due to drastically changes of environmental and dietary culture within the population, Malaysia as one of the developing country is no exception to face the same problem. This study aimed to assess the awareness of allergy diseases and its prevalence using cross-sectional survey method. This study that has been conducted to 138 students from University Teknologi Mara Cawangan Dengkil, Selangor, Malaysia. A self-administered questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. Based on sociodemographic data, the mean of knowledge between science and non-science students showed the significant difference. Respondents from Science course score significantly higher for part B (4.54 ± 1.654) compare with other courses. The outcome of the study also showed that, among 138 respondents, n=80 (58%) of them perceived themselves to suffer allergy diseases and it symptoms. Common food to cause food allergy in this study were identified as seafood with n=43 (31.25%) followed with dust with n=40 (29%), peanuts with n=14 (10.1%). The study also indicated the intricate situation of cross reactivity as n=21(15.2%), n=6 (4.3%) and n=1(0.7) of respondents suffered with two, three and four multi allergy reaction respectively. The factor such as family history which subjected to predisposition of genetic factor was strongly associated with occurrence of allergic among respondents. It determined from Chi Square Test (X²) that showed that, there is high significant association (P<0.001) between parental allergies with respondents allergies. As overall, it can be conclude that the knowledge of allergy term, cause and prevention were relatively low among population under study as compared to the previous study.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 4458/76332
Uncontrolled Keywords: Allergy Prevalence, Awareness, Food Allergy, self-perceive
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Depositing User: Dr Radiah Abdul Ghani
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2019 12:00
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2020 14:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/76332

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