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B vitamins intake and cognitive status among elderly in agricultural settlements

Lokman, Nur Fatin Atiqah and Hamirudin, Aliza Haslinda and Sidek, Suriati and Zainudin, Norain and A. Rahman, Nor Azlina (2019) B vitamins intake and cognitive status among elderly in agricultural settlements. International Journal of Allied Health Sciences, 3 (2). pp. 683-693. E-ISSN 2600-8491

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Introduction: The number of elderly who have been diagnosed with cognitive impairment are increasing in Malaysia and becoming a matter of a great concern for the health sectors. One of the ways to overcome this rising problem is by identifying one of its risk factors which is inadequate dietary intake particularly B vitamins (folate, vitamin B12 and B6). This study aimed to identify total B vitamins intake and its association with cognitive status of the elderly in agricultural settlements (FELDA) in Kuantan, Pahang. Methods: Seventy-eight elderly aged ≥60 years old were recruited in this study using convenience sampling. A home visit was done and subjects were interviewed using a questionnaire on their demographic data. Dietary history method was used to collect information on dietary intake; whilst the cognitive status was assessed using the Malay version of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Dietary intake was analyzed using Nutritionist Pro Software version 3.00. The total B vitamins intake data were then compared with Recommended Nutrient Intakes for Malaysia (RNI 2017). Results: Majority of the subjects have inadequate total folate (93.6%), vitamin B6 (92%) and vitamin B12 (63%) intake. The comparison between total B vitamins intake and RNI showed significant differences (p = 0.001) except for vitamin B12 (p= 0.398). Most of the subjects have normal cognitive function as 62.8% of them achieved normal MMSE score (>24 out of 30 marks). No significant association between B vitamins intake and cognitive status of the elderly subjects were identified. Conclusions: High prevalence of inadequate B vitamins intake is evident among elderly living in agricultural settlements. Hence, a well-structured nutrition education programmes and activities need to be conducted to ensure optimum nutritional and cognitive status among the elderly.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5037/76254
Uncontrolled Keywords: B vitamins intake; Cognitive Status, Elderly; Recommended Nutrient Intakes; Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM214 Diet therapy. Diet and dietectics in disease
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Aliza Haslinda Hamirudin
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 11:20
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2020 22:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/76254

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