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A snapshot of the global policies and practices of medicine use reviews by community pharmacist in the management of chronic diseases: a narrative review

Mubarak, Naeem and Zin, Che Suraya (2019) A snapshot of the global policies and practices of medicine use reviews by community pharmacist in the management of chronic diseases: a narrative review. In: International Conference on Pharmaceutical Research and Pharmacy Practice cum 14th IIUM-MPS Pharmacy Scientific Conference (ICPRP 2019), 19-20th October 2019, Hotel Istana Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION Significant differences exist in how community pharmacist (CP) is being utilized around the globe. OBJECTIVE To explore various policies and practices of medicine use review (MUR) by CP in chronic diseases and, its impact and way forward for low- and middle- income countries (L&MIC) METHOD Narrative review, using key words, such as ″medicine use review″, ″medication therapy management″ and ″community pharmacy″ in databases such as PubMed, and Scopus from 2004-2017 to include reviews, overviews, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the policy, practice and impact of MUR. Studies on attitude or perception were excluded. RESULTS MUR opened an avenue of ongoing collaboration between CP and general practitioners. In terms of policies and practices, the situation in high-income countries was quite encouraging where on an average ″type-II″ medicine use review was widely in practice and has improved clinical, humanistic and economic outcomes in chronic disease patients. The high-income countries witnessed gradual yet cautious adoption of these services through effective policy shift. However, in L&MIC, a paucity of effective policies was noted. Nevertheless, an emergent recognition of the potential of CPs to contribute in healthcare delivery was evident. CONCLUSION Promising impact of CPs involvement in the management of chronic diseases was evident in high income countries, however, the situation in L&MIC, which bear an overwhelming share of the global burden of chronic diseases, remains skimpy. Authors believe that way forward to a paradigm shift in any country must involve consensus building methods to bring relevant stakeholders on the same page.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 4127/76012
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community pharmacist; medicine use review; pharmacy practice and policy; collaboration; low- and middle- income countries
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Che Suraya Haji Mohd Zin
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 15:44
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2019 15:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/76012

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