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Ten years of strong opioid analgesics consumption in Malaysia and other Southeast Asian countries

Zin, Che Suraya (2019) Ten years of strong opioid analgesics consumption in Malaysia and other Southeast Asian countries. In: International Conference on Pharmaceutical Research and Pharmacy Practice cum 14th IIUM-MPS Pharmacy Scientific Conference (ICPRP 2019), 19-20th October 2019, Hotel Istana Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Abstract Background: It was reported that opioid consumption in developing countries was stagnated or decreased but precise data on the consumption are unclear. This study examined the trends and patterns of opioid consumption in Malaysia and other four Southeast Asian countries. Methods: Data of five strong opioids consumption (morphine, oxycodone, fentanyl, pethidine and methadone) between 2005 and 2014 from Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam were extracted from the Pain & Policy Studies Group. Defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day (DDD/1000 inhabitants/day) was used for calculating the annual amount of opioid use. Results: The total consumption of five strong opioids was increased in all five Southeast Asian countries during a 10-year study period. Malaysia was recorded with the largest increase of the opioid consumption (993.18%), followed by Indonesia (530.34%), Vietnam (170.17%), Singapore (116.16%) and Thailand (104.66%). Malaysia also had the highest total strong opioid consumption (11.2 DDD/1000 inhabitants/day), primarily for methadone. Among the opioids used for pain management, fentanyl was primarily used in Malaysia and Singapore but the greatest increase in these two countries was for oxycodone. Fentanyl was also primarily used in Indonesia while morphine was predominantly used in Thailand and Vietnam. Conclusion: The trends of strong opioids consumption in all five Southeast Asian countries increased steadily from 2005 to 2014. Among the opioids for pain management, fentanyl was primarily used in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia while morphine was predominantly used in Thailand and Vietnam.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 4127/75878
Uncontrolled Keywords: consumption; Malaysia; Southeast Asian Countries; strong opioids; trends
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Che Suraya Haji Mohd Zin
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 16:08
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2019 16:08
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/75878

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