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Melioidosis in Pahang

How, Soon Hin and Wan Ramli, Wan Nurliyana and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and Bee, Chiu Lim and Kaur, Kiren and Saub, Ros and Thian, Chee Loh and Wan Azman, Siti Sanaa and Fong, Von Ken and Sulomg, Mohd Rahim (2018) Melioidosis in Pahang. Asian Journal of Medicine and Biomedicine, 1 (Supplementary 1, 2018 (UICID 2018)). p. 8. E-ISSN 2600-8173

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A state-wide review of melioidosis cases from year 2000 to 2005 in Pahang, Malaysia showed a high annual incidence and mortality rate, likely due to inappropriate antibiotics. A series of medical education programme was implemented throughout Pahang and a registry was setup to monitor the impact. A retrospective review was performed to validate data from registry and culture-confirmed melioidosis cases occurring in between year 2011 and 2015 from all microbiology laboratories across Pahang. Incomplete information from registry was verified from patient’s case note. Characteristics, predisposing factors, clinical presentation, sensitivity and outcome of melioidosis were obtained. During the five-year study period, a total of 294 patients had positive culture for Burkholderia pseudomallei. Majority were Malays and male, with median age of 52 years old. Diabetes was the most common predisposing factor, which was present in 72.6% of patients, followed by chronic renal failure. Pneumonia was the most frequent clinical presentation, which was seen in 43.6% of patients. 82% of patients had bacteremia. Among 210 patients with known outcome, 46.2% of patients died. For those patients discharged well, appropriate antibiotics were given to almost all. The relapse rate was only 1.7% as compared to 19% from 2000 to 2003. There was no increased resistance in the commonly used antibiotics for melioidosis. Despite improvement of patient management after an extensive education programme, mortality remained high.

Item Type: Article (Meeting Abstract)
Additional Information: 2987/75761
Uncontrolled Keywords: Melioidosis, registry, medical education programme
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC111 Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Wan Nurliyana Wan Ramli
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2019 14:24
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2019 14:24
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/75761

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