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A Feasibility of simulation-based exercise programme for overweight adult in higher learning Institutions

Nik Yahya, Nik Siti Rahmah and Che Jamaludin, Farrah Ilyani and Firdaus, Mohd Khairul Zul Hasymi and Che Hasan, Muhammad Kamil (2019) A Feasibility of simulation-based exercise programme for overweight adult in higher learning Institutions. Enfermeria Clinica, 29 (Supp 2). pp. 521-527. ISSN 1130-8621 E-ISSN 1579-2013

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Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of simulation-based exercise programme among overweight adult in higher learning institutes. Method: A quasi-randomised controlled trial was conducted recruiting students from two different higher learning institutions in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Students are selected after fulfilling the criteria such as body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 23 kg/m2, no chronic diseases that may influence by exercise, no significant changes in body weight within two months and not taking any medications or supplements. One institution was purposely chosen as a simulation-based group and another one control group. In the simulation-based group, participants were given a booklet and CD to do aerobic and resistance exercise for a minimum of 25 minutes per day, three times a week for 10 weeks. No exercise was given to the control group. Participants were measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), BMI, waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage before and after 10 weeks of simulation-based exercise. Results: A total of 52 (control: 25, simulation-based: 27) participants involved in the study. There was no baseline characteristics difference between the two groups (p>0.005). All 27 participants in the simulation-based group reported performing the exercise based on the recommendation. The retention rate at three months was 100%. No adverse events were reported throughout the study. Better outcomes (p<0.001) were reported among participants in the simulation-based group for BMI, WC and body fat percentage. Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that the simulation-based exercise programme may be feasible for an overweight adult in higher learning institutes. As a feasibility study this is not powered to detect significant differences on the outcomes, however, participants reported positive views towards the recommended exercise with significant improvements in body mass index, body fat percentage and reduced the waist circumference.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 75220/5711
Uncontrolled Keywords: Simulation, exercise, overweight, obesity, adult
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Nursing > Department of Medical Surgical Nursing
Kulliyyah of Nursing
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 14:52
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2019 14:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/75220

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