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Acquired quadriparesis in a child with unusual presentation

Anuar, Muhamad Azamin and Wan Nik Ahmad Mustafa, Wan Alina Khadijah and Abu Bakar, Asrar and Hasan, Taufiq Hidayat and Mohamed, Mossad Abdelhak Shaban (2019) Acquired quadriparesis in a child with unusual presentation. In: 15th Asian Oceanian Congress of Child Neurology in conjunction with the 41st Malaysian Paediatric Association Annual Congress 2019 “Synergy to Challenge Boundaries in Child Neurology”, 19th-22nd September 2019, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Introduction Acute onset quadriparesis can be a manifestation of a variety of neurological, metabolic or autoimmune conditions. Rarely, it could be one of many clinical presentations of juvenile dermatomyositis which belongs to the group of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies of childhood. We report the case of a 9-year old girl who presented with global myopathy over a two-month period. Case summary A 9-year-old girl referred from Orthopaedic team with a 2 months history of generalised muscular pain and weakness. There were no significant history of preceded illness, trauma or excessive strenuous exercises. She had no other systemic complaints such as fever or skin rash. Past medical history was unremarkable except for recurrent tonsillitis. Physical examination revealed a child with normal alertness and behaviour. She did not appear meningitic nor encephalopathic. She has notable generalised swelling of all four limbs. Her neurological examination revealed normal tone however her power was definitely reduced in all four limbs (Graded 3/5). Significantly, she demonstrated signs of proximal myopathy. Subsequent investigations revealed high Creatinine Kinase (CK) levels of 6470U/L, ESR 84mm/hr with deranged transaminases and positive serum mycoplasma and CMV IgM. Her MRI brain and spine along with lumbar puncture results were normal. She was referred to tertiary centre for further evaluation as her weakness progressed. An MRI muscle was performed demonstrating marked inflammation in all four limbs including paravertebral muscular regions. Her muscle biopsy showed inflammatory myopathy leading to a diagnosis of juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). She is now showing sustained clinical improvements following a course of immunoglobulin and corticosteroids therapy. Conclusion The diagnosis of JDM is generally considered in patients with typical rash on the face or body along with symmetrical muscle weakness. Diagnostic criteria in JDM are currently being revised due to further adjustment required for new outcome tools. Essentially, it involves assessment of muscle, skin, lung and cardiac involvement on top of baseline list of investigations that has been outline by Single Hub and Access point for pediatric Rheumatology in Europe (SHARE). This case reflects that JDM is possible despite non-existent of skin involvement.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 8392/75192
Uncontrolled Keywords: "juvenile dermatomyositis", "muscle weaknesses", "proximal myopathy", "quadriparesis", "rheumatological disorder"
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Heatlh. Child health services. Preventive health services for children
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Paediatrics
Depositing User: Dr Muhamad Azamin Anuar
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 09:41
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2020 15:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/75192

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