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Lutein production by Scenedesmus Obliquus cultivated in stirred-tank bioreactor

Mustapa, Mokhzanni and Raus, Raha Bt. Ahmad (2017) Lutein production by Scenedesmus Obliquus cultivated in stirred-tank bioreactor. IIUM Press, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia. ISBN 978-967-418-491-9

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Abstract

Microalgae were known to have higher lutein content, easy to grow, and abundantly live in the wet environment. Optimization of lutein from microalgae, Scenedesmus obliquus is critical for commercialization of lutein. This research focused on lutein production from locally isolated S. obliquus which was cultivated in 2.5 L stirred tank bioreactor. Five bioreactors parameters which were stirrer speed, air flow rate, light exposure period, starting inoculums size, and temperature were investigated for their effects towards lutein content as well as biomass of microalgae. Initial lutein amount detected was 41.4 mg/g with biomass density of 0.456 g/l at 25°C, 0.5 liter/minute of aeration flow rate, 100 rpm, and 12 hours light exposure. The effect of five bioreactor parameters was analyzed by using Main Effect Pareto Charts, followed by ANOVA analysis. Stirrer speed and starting inoculums size have been identified as noise and removed from further optimization. FaceCentred Central Composite Design (FCCCD) under Response Surface Method (RSM) was used as design tool to optimize temperature, lighting period and air flow rate. Based on the 20 runs of FCCCD, microalgae biomass density observed was between 0.285 g/l (min) to 0.717 g/l (max), while the lutein content was between 12.231 mg/g (min) to 91.099 mg/g (max).

Item Type: Book
Additional Information: 3911/74954
Uncontrolled Keywords: Scenedesmus Obliquus, Bioreactor, Carotenoids
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Raha Ahmad Raus
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2019 11:41
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2019 11:41
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/74954

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