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Substrate preferences and effects of medium with soil extract on growth of genus Coolia (Dinophyceae)

Mohammad Noor, Normawaty and Adam, Aimimuliani and Saad, Shahbudin and Khodzori, Fikri Akmal and Muhd Shaleh, Sitti Raehanah (2019) Substrate preferences and effects of medium with soil extract on growth of genus Coolia (Dinophyceae). Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 14 (2). pp. 71-81. E-ISSN 2672-7226

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Coolia is a benthic dinoflagellate that lives epiphytically with a substrate. It has been reported that several of the species produce biotoxins. Therefore, this study was done to identify the substrate preferred by Coolia and the effect of media with soil extraction on the growth of the species of C. tropicalis and C. malayensis. Several substrates; the seagrass (Enhalus), seaweed (Sargassum, Padina (Phaeophyta), Halimeda (Chlorophyta) and coral rubbles were collected and Coolia’s cell density was determined. C. tropicalis and C. malayensis were grown in ES-DK medium with and without soil extract at similar conditions. The specific growth rate, division per day and generation time were determined for both species. Results showed that Coolia flourished in the substrate with a greater amount of thalus from brown macroalgae (Phaeophyta). While the cell density of C. tropicalis was significantly higher in medium without soil extract, C. malayensis was significantly higher in the medium with soil extract. This indicates that both species have similar basic requirements, but differ in their specific needs. This information on the substrate and medium preferences increased our knowledge of the ecology of Coolia.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6635/74018
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coolia tropicalis, Coolia malayensis, ES-DK medium, nutrient, benthic dinoflagellates
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Marine Science
Depositing User: Dr Normawaty Mohammad Noor
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 14:42
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 21:49
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/74018

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