IIUM Repository

The state as an essential value (Darūriyyāt) of the Maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah

Kayadibi, Saim (2019) The state as an essential value (Darūriyyāt) of the Maqāṣid al-Sharī‘ah. Ahkam Jurnal Ilmu Syariah, 19 (1). pp. 1-18. ISSN 1412-4734 E-ISSN 2407-8646

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (554kB) | Request a copy


Muslim scholars have mainly considered the maqāṣid al-sharī‘ah within three categories: ḍarūriyyāt (the essentials), ḥājiyyāt (the complementaries) and tahsīniyyāt (the desirables or the embellishments). The concept of maṣlaḥah is meant to protect the maqāṣid al-sharī‘ah (the higher objectives of sharī‘ah), which consist of seven essential values, namely religion, life, intellect, lineage, wealth, honour and state, all of which promote the people’s welfare and prevent all kind of evils. They are considered essentials because neglecting them would cause total social disruption and anarchy. Even though classical scholars considered the darūriyyāt to be six in number, this article suggests that the value of “state” be added to this list. The values in the darūriyyāt category must be upheld and protected from any real or unexpected threats either by maintaining the essentials or removing the disruption. The concept of state is just as essential as the other six values, for without it, all of them would be endangered and considered incomplete. Therefore, the “state” value guarantees the continued existence of other values. In this paper, the author argues that this value should be regarded as a seventh essential value will be elaborated through a “skeleton metaphor”.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6485/74007
Uncontrolled Keywords: The state; maqāṣid al-sharī‘ah; essential values; ḍarūriyyāt; maṣlaḥah.
Subjects: K Law > KBP Islamic Law
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Saim Kayadibi
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 12:09
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2019 12:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/74007

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year