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Selection of various coagulants for sugar industry wastewater treatment

Samsudin, Nur Shazweena and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Jami, Mohammed Saedi (2019) Selection of various coagulants for sugar industry wastewater treatment. Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal, 2 (1). pp. 1-9. E-ISSN 2637-0719

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Sugar industry is one of the industries that produce a high amount of pollutant since its wastewater contains high amount of organic material, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). If this waste is discharged without a proper treatment into the watercourse, it can cause problem to aquatic life and environment. For the primary treatment process, sugar wastewater can be treated by using chemical precipitation method which involves coagulation process. Currently, ferric chloride has been used as the coagulant but it consumes more alkalinity and corrosive. In this study, the suitable coagulant to be used to treat the wastewater from sugar industry and the optimum conditions to achieve high percentage removal of COD was determined. The characteristic of the wastewater was firstly determined. Then, the most suitable coagulant to be used for the treatment was studied by determining their efficiency to reduce COD and TSS in the wastewater at different dosages. Aluminium sulphate (alum), ferric chloride and polyaluminium chloride (PAC) were chosen to be studied for suitable coagulant. The optimum condition of the coagulant (pH, coagulant dosage, fast mixing speed) was determined by using Design Expert software. Results showed that alum can be used to effectively remove 42.9% of COD and 100% of TSS at high dosage (50 mg/l). The optimum condition of alum was at pH 5.2, 10 mg/l of alum and 250 rpm of mixing speed. This shows that at optimum condition, alum can be used to treat wastewater from sugar industry.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4286/73830
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sugar industry wastewater; aluminium sulphate; primary treatment, ferric chloride; polyaluminium chloride
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Nassereldeen Kabbashi
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2019 16:01
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2019 16:01
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/73830

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