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Prevalence and characteristic of young adults with acute myocardial infarction in a single referral centre in Pahang

., Mohd. Zhafri and Draman, Samsul and Abdullah, Aszrin and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and M. Bakrim, Norbaiyah and Mohd Shah, Azarisman Shah (2019) Prevalence and characteristic of young adults with acute myocardial infarction in a single referral centre in Pahang. In: 4th International Conference on Advances in Medical Sciences (ICAMS 2019), 13th-14th April 2019, Kuching, Sarawak. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a number one cause of death worldwide. However, there is lack of data regarding young adults with AMI. This study was aimed to measure the prevalence and characteristics of young adults (age between 18-45 years old) with newly diagnosed AMI presented in Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA), Kuantan, Pahang. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in HTAA from 31st July 2017 to 30th July 2018 involving 818 patients who were diagnosed with AMI. Eighty-four patients were less than 45 years old, and fifty-eight who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited for analysis. Results: The prevalence of young adults with AMI was 10.9%. The common risk factors were smoking (N=45, 77.6%) followed by obesity (N=33, 56.9%), increased waist circumference (N=32, 55.2%), hyperlipidaemia (N=29, 50.0%), hypertension (N=20, 34.5%), family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (N=20, 34.5%), diabetes mellitus (N=18, 31.0%), and alcohol consumption (N=7, 12.1%). It was revealed that all patients had at least one CVD risk factor. Majority of the patients (N=17, 42.5%) had single coronary vessel involvement and left anterior descending artery was the commonest vessel involved (N=36) in the coronary angiographic findings. Conclusion: There was a significant prevalence of young adults with AMI in Pahang. The commonest risk factor observed was smoking, closely followed by obesity and hyperlipidemia. Thus, the presence of these risk factors in young adults is significant for screening in primary health centre.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Additional Information: 5011/73486
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction, prevalence, young adults
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: DR Aszrin Abdullah
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2019 08:36
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2019 08:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/73486

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